- Program Considerations
- Classroom Strategies
- Levels of ESL Literacy
Curriculum › Understand Needs
Understanding the needs of learners and the community is important for both curriculum development and effective instruction. When program administrators and instructors have a clear understanding of their context, as well as the needs of learners and the community, they are able to develop curricula that are effective, responsive and accountable.
Understanding needs is the first stage in curriculum development and influences all other stages of the process: Stage 2: Determine Focus, Stage 3: Set Learning Outcomes, Stage 4: Integrate Assessment and Stage 5: Demonstrate Accountability.
Understanding learners' needs in terms of a settlement continuum can help you develop a curriculum and program that will help learners move closer to integration.
Understanding literacy development needs in terms of a literacy continuum can help you support learners' progress beyond the very basics of literacy acquisition, as well as in their lifelong literacy development.
This section of the curriculum framework will help you develop an understanding of needs in the field of ESL literacy, from the broad context of Alberta through to programming and classroom considerations.
Glossary of Terms (296 kB)
The Glossary of Terms provides definitions and descriptions of the way key terms are used in the ESL Literacy Curriculum Framework.
Curriculum Development Guide: Stage 1 (101 kB)
This curriculum development guide summarizes the process outlined in Stage 1: Understand Needs of the ESL Literacy Curriculum Framework.
Developing an In-House Placement Assessment (150 kB)
The most effective placement tools are tailored to the program they are designed for, incorporating the context, vocabulary and level of language appropriate to the program. The purpose of this tool is to guide ESL literacy program providers in developing an effective in-house placement tool.
Classroom Needs Assessment Tool (1,811 kB)
This classroom needs assessment tool is designed for instructors and is based on the principles outlined in Stage 1: Understand Needs of the ESL Literacy Curriculum Framework. The purpose of this classroom needs assessment tool is to help instructors gather information about individual learners’ needs, supports and barriers and to create a class profile to inform unit and lesson planning.
Methods of Conducting a Needs Assessment (85 kB)
There are many ways to conduct a needs assessment. For a learner needs assessment, a face-to-face interview is the most recommended method. For a community needs assessment, you can use a range of methods.